Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Information about Medications Impacting Incontinence

Medications most often cited in the literature that have an impact on incontinence are:

  • Diuretics;
  • Sedatives;
  • Hypnotics;
  • Anticholinergics;
  • Amitriptyline; and
  • Opioid analgesics.

Several studies conclude that medications have side effects that can be harmful to the elderly person. For the person with incontinence, recognizing and reducing the side effects of medications that can have a direct or indirect impact on bladder function is an important step in treatment.

Some pharmacological treatments have anticholinergic properties including:

  • Dry skin;
  • Blurred vision;
  • Nausea;
  • Constipation;
  • Xerostomia (dry mouth);
  • Dizziness;
  • Postural hypotension;
  • Weakness;
  • Fatigue;
  • Urinary retention; and
  • Insomnia
Older Adults
Promoting Continence Using Prompted Voiding
Point of Care Resources