Humiliation, Afraid, Rape, Kick (HARK). The four HARK questions identify women experiencing intimate partner violence in the past year and may help women disclose intimate partner violence in general practice.
- H ➔ HUMILIATION Within the last year, have you been humiliated or emotionally abused in other ways by your partner or your ex-partner?
- A ➔ AFRAID Within the last year, have you been afraid of your partner or ex-partner?
- R ➔ RAPE Within the last year, have you been raped or forced to have any kind of sexual activity by your partner or ex-partner?
- K ➔ KICK Within the last year, have you been kicked, hit, slapped or otherwise physically hurt by your partner or ex-partner? One point is given for every yes answer; a score of > 1 is positive for IPV.
Women and Children
Woman Abuse: Screening, Identification and Initial Response