Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Framework for Basic Asthma Education


  • Normal versus asthmatic airways
  • What happens to the airways during an asthma attack
  • Signs and symptoms of worsening asthma
  • Identification of triggers
  • Medications
    • Role of relievers and controllers
    • Action
    • Potential side effects
    • Importance of adherence

Self-Management Skills

  • Medications 
    • Use of age appropriate delivery device 
    • Child/family demonstration of delivery device technique 
    • Proper inspection/cleaning of device
  • Self Monitoring 
    • Use of symptom diary/Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) monitoring and technique (optional)
  • Action Plan 
    • Description of action plan 
    • How to use an action plan 
    • Steps to take in worsening asthma 
    • Emphasize long term benefits 
    • Encourage family to share the action plan with all relevant caregivers such as grandparents, older children, daycare workers, teachers, coaches, camp counsellors, nurses etc
Women and Children
Promoting Asthma Control in Children
Client and Family Education