· clarifying the patient’sunderstanding of their illness;
· elucidating the situation and treatment options;
· understandingthe patient’s values, priorities and goals of care;
· identifying and documenting the patient’s wishes; and
· nominating a substitute decision-maker for a time when the patient may not be able to make decisions independently (Romer & Hammes, 2004).
End-of-Life Care During the Last Days and Hours
Point of Care Resources