- Vascular Access Devices (VADs) are a common and important part of clinical practice for the administration of parenteral fluids, nutrients, medications and blood products.
- VADs provide a route to monitor the hemodynamic status of a client.
- The desired clinical goal is positive client outcomes as evidenced by completion of therapy, absence of complications and client satisfaction with care delivery.
- The clinical focus is on the prevention of complications; however if complications develop, nurses must recognize, report, and intervene appropriately for positive client outcomes.
- A nursing assessment of risk factors, device selection, and catheter maintenance to minimize complications is a critical factor to client recovery and survival.
Care and Maintenance to Reduce Vascular Access Complications