- Restraints, as defined by the College of Nurses of Ontario, are physical, environmental or chemical measures used to control the physical or behavioural activity of a person or a portion of his/her body.
- Physical restraints limit a client’s movement. It includes a table fixed to a chair or a bed rail that cannot be opened by the client.
- Environmental restraints control a client’s mobility. Examples include a secure unit or garden, seclusion or a time-out room.
- Chemical restraints are any form of psychoactive medication used not to treat illness, but to intentionally inhibit a particular behaviour or movement.
Promoting Safety: Alternative Approaches to the Use of Restraints