Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Assessment for Urinary Incontinence

An initial assessment of urinary incontinence can be guided by the following components:

1. Obtain a clinical history to accurately determine the type of urinary incontinence and the possible underlying causes.

2. Obtain a voiding record to evaluate the frequency of incontinence and voided volume.

3. Assess urinary urgency using validated questionnaires.

4. Use dipstick urinalysis as a screening tool to further assess glycosuria, hematuria, proteinuria and pyuria, in accordance with the policies and procedures of the local setting.

5. Measure post-void residual (PVR) volume within a few minutes of voiding, either by calculating bladder volume using a portable ultrasound scanner or by in and out catheterization (unless otherwise directed).


To view practice notes from expert panel click here.

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Point of Care Resources