Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Pain Assessment

A pain assessment includes the following:

  • Location of the pain
  • Frequency, quantity, duration, and severity of the pain
  • Characteristics of the pain
  • Detailed pain history (e.g., previous pain experiences and interventions for pain management)
  • Factors that trigger and relieve the pain
  • Diagnosis of the type and cause of the pain
  • The person’s anticipation of pain, based on his or her previous experience of pain in specific situations (e.g., during treatment or while at rest)
  • Functional limitation(s) resulting from the person’s pain
Clinical Management
Assessment and Management of Pressure Injuries for the Interprofessional Team, Third Edition
Point of Care Resources