Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

List of Medication Resources




Beers Criteria

Outlines medication classes that should be avoided or used with caution in older adults.

Pocket cards may be purchased through the American Geriatrics Society website.

American Geriatrics Society Updated Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults (2015):

Canadian Patient Safety Institute




Provides a Medication Reconciliation (Med Rec): Getting Started Kit for home care, acute care, and long-term care, with the goal of preventing adverse drug events by implementing a medication reconciliation process upon admission, transfer, and discharge.

Provides a Getting Started Kit, Reducing Falls and Injuries from Falls with information on medications associated with falls.


Centre for Effective Practice (CEC)

Provides a tool designed to help health-care providers understand, assess, and manage residents in long-term-care homes with behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, with a focus on appropriate use of antipsychotic medications. See “Antipsychotics and Dementia” under Tools.

STOPP & START Criteria

Addresses potentially inappropriate prescribing in older adults, including a screening tool of older persons’ prescriptions (STOPP) and a screening tool to alert to right treatment (START).



See O’Mahony, D., Gallagher, P., Ryan, C., Byrne, S., Hamilton, H., Barry, P., ... Kennedy, J. (2010). STOPP & START criteria: A new approach to detecting potentially inappropriate prescribing in old age. European Geriatric Medicine, 1(1), 45–51.


Older Adults
Preventing Falls and Reducing Injury from Falls
Point of Care Resources