Persons with postpartum depression need and benefit from social support from partners, family, friends, or peers (where appropriate). • Types of support from family, friends and peers that help persons with postpartum depression to cope include: o informational (i.e., giving advice and guidance); o instrumental (i.e., helping and assisting with practical tasks, such as house work); o emotional (i.e., providing care, empathy, and compassion); and o affirmational (i.e., acknowledgement and validation of the experience of depression). • Encourage family and friends to listen acknowledge persons’ feelings, reassure them that their experiences are not unusual, and offer them a sense of hope that they will get better with support and treatment. This can help postpartum persons to cope and reduce their experiences of isolation and anxiety. • Persons with perinatal depression can experience further isolation and stigma when partners or family members demonstrate a lack of understanding and compassion, are non-supportive, or are abusive. This lack of support can be the result of various causes, including: o being unsure how to help; o normalizing or minimizing depressive symptoms in a belief that depression is not a mental illness that requires treatment; o being an abuser; or o having a personal experience of depression that renders them less able or available to provide support due to their own mental illness.