Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Complications of CVADs

• Central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) are associated with particularly high morbidity and mortality.
• Other complications that can occur during the insertion or management of CVADs include catheter occlusion, catheter breakage/leakage, bleeding, thrombosis or thrombo-embolism, perforation of vessels, pneumothorax, cardiac arrhythmias, air embolisms and central venous stenosis.

Clinical Management
Assessment and Device Selection for Vascular Access
Background Information