Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Definitions of Common Stomal and Peristomal Complications

Complication

Definition

Retraction

Disappearance of normal stomal protrusion in line with or below skin level

Peristomal Hernia

Defect in the abdominal fascia allowing the gut to bulge into the parastomal area

Prolapse

Telescoping of the bowel through the stoma

Necrosis

Death of stomal tissue with impaired local blood flow

Peristomal Skin Problems

One of a variety of dermatoses affecting the skin immediately surrounding the stoma; common manifestations include irritant dermatitis, allergic dermatitis,candidiasis, folliculitis or trauma

Modified from Colwell and Beitz (2007)

Chronic Disease
Ostomy Care and Management
Point of Care Resources