Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

Non-Pharmacological Interventions

  • Physical interventions such as physiotherapy and exercise and application of heat or cold should be considered along with pharmacological interventions to reduce pain, improve sleep, mood and general well-being
  • Non-pharmacological approaches should not be used as a substitute for adequate pharmacological management
  • Psychological (psychosocial) interventions such as cognitive behaviour therapy, music, distraction, relaxation techniques and education should be considered in pain management because these interventions affect the way a person thinks feels and responds to pain
Clinical Management
Assessment and Management of Pain - 3rd Edition
Point of Care Resources