- The nurse must be aware of the potential oral side effects of the medications that the client is taking.
- Adverse drug reactions disclosed in drug monographs often include oral side effects.
- The most common medication adverse effect is on the saliva, such as the subjective complaint of dry mouth (xerostomia) and the alteration of salivary flow (hyposalivation)
- Other oral side effects include:
- abnormal homeostasis
- Soft tissue lesions
- taste changes
- altered host resistance
- gingival enlargement
- burning oral sensations
- increased caries due to high sugar content in the medications
- involuntary oral movements
- alveolar bone alterations
Oral Health: Nursing Assessment and Intervention
Point of Care Resources