- Within the palliative care philosophy, death is viewed as a normal process.
- End-of-Life care:
- Encompasses care of the whole person, including his/her physical, psychological, social, spiritual and practical needs.
- Ensures that care is respectful of human dignity.
- Supports meaningful living as defined by the individual.
- Tailors care planning to meet the individual’s goals of care.
- Recognizes the individual with life-limiting disease and his/her family as the unit of care.
- Supports the family to cope with loss and grief during the illness and bereavement periods.
- Respects the individual’s personal, cultural and religious values, beliefs and practices in the provision of care.
- Values ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, justice, truthfulness and confidentiality.
- Recognizes the individual as autonomous, who has a right to end-of-life care and to make decisions regarding his/her care to the degree he/she desires.
- Recognizes the importance of a collaborative interprofessional team approach to care, and also recognizes the efforts of non-health-care professionals (e.g. volunteers, faith leaders).
End-of-Life Care During the Last Days and Hours